Lysenkoism

   Trofim Denisovich Lysenko (1898–1976) was elevated to a position of considerable power and influence in Soviet agriculture on the basis of his theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics in plants and his claims that the seasonal patterns and yields of crops could be dramatically changed on the basis of his theory. His views went completely against the emerging science of plant genetics, but backed by Josef Stalin and Nikita Khrushchev his proletarian science held sway in the Soviet Union over the “capitalist” science of genetics. As president of the Soviet Academy of Agricultural Sciences (1938–1956 and 1961–1962) he promoted his approach and theory and purged the Soviet scientific community of those who supported genetics, even to the extent of their being imprisoned or shot. Lysenkoism as science was completely wrong and contributed to the failures of Soviet agriculture. Lysenkoism also serves as a term to denote a policy of ideological and state intervention in science and the dangers of such an approach.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • Lysenkoism — Lysenkoism. См. Лысенкоизм. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Lysenkoism — [lī seŋ′kō iz΄əm] n. [after T. D. Lysenko (1898 1976), Soviet agronomist who promoted it] a repudiated doctrine based on the belief that characteristics acquired through environmental changes can be transmitted by heredity …   English World dictionary

  • Lysenkoism — Lysenko speaking at the Kremlin in 1935. Behind him are (left to right) Stanislav Kosior, Anastas Mikoyan, Andrei Andreev and Joseph Stalin. Lysenkoism, or Lysenko Michurinism, also denotes the biological inheritance principle which Trofim… …   Wikipedia

  • Lysenkoism — noun Etymology: Trofim Lysenko Date: 1948 a biological doctrine asserting the fundamental influence of somatic and environmental factors on heredity in contradiction of orthodox genetics …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Lysenkoism — /li seng koh iz euhm/, n. a genetic doctrine formulated by Lysenko and asserting that acquired characteristics are inheritable. [1945 50; named after T. D. LYSENKO; see ISM] * * * …   Universalium

  • Lysenkoism — noun a) The doctrine that maintained that environmentally acquired characteristics could be inherited. b) The use of pseudo science in furtherance of an ideology …   Wiktionary

  • Lysenkoism — A theory put forth by a Russian plant breeder named Trofim Denisovich Lysenko [1898 1976] during the Lenin/Stalin years that served to stifle the progress of genetics in the Soviet Union. Lysenko rejected Mendelian genetics in favor of the… …   Medical dictionary

  • lysenkoism — ly·sen·ko·ism …   English syllables

  • Lysenkoism — Ly•sen•ko•ism [[t]lɪˈsɛŋ koʊˌɪz əm[/t]] n. gen a genetic doctrine formulated by Lysenko and asserting that acquired characteristics are inheritable …   From formal English to slang

  • lysenkoism — lə̇ˈseŋ(ˌ)kōˌizəm noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Trofim Denisovich Lysenko b1898 Russ. geneticist + English ism : a biological doctrine asserting the fundamental influence of somatic and environmental factors on heredity in… …   Useful english dictionary

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